Chapter VIII - SAHASSA VAGGA - Thousands



Yo ca vassa satam jive apassam amatam padam
Ekaham jivitam seyyo passato amatam padam.

Though one should live a hundred years without perceiving theDeathless State,
yet better, indeed, is a single day's life of one who perceives the Deathless State. [114]

VIII:13 The cure for death (Kisa Gotami)

Kisa Gotami lived in Savatthi. She was known as Kisa Gotami because of her slim body. Kisa Gotami married a rich young man and a son was born to them. The son died when he was just a toddler and Kisa Gotami was stricken with grief. Carrying her dead son, she went everywhere asking for medicine that would restore her son to life. People thought she had gone mad. But a wise man seeing her pathetic condition, decided to send her to the Buddha. He advised her, 'Sister, the Buddha is the person you should approach. He has the medicine you want. Go to him.' Thus she went to the Buddha and asked him to give her the medicine that would restore her dead son to life.

The Buddha knowing her distracted mental condition told her to get some mustard seeds from a home where there had been no death. Overjoyed at the prospect of having her son restored to life, Kisa Gotami ran from house to house, begging for some mustard seeds. Everyone was willing to help her but she could not find a single home where death had not occurred. The people were only too willing to part with their mustard seeds, but they could not claim to have not lost a dear one in death. As the day dragged on, she realised that hers was not the only family that had faced death and that there were more people dead than living. As soon as she realised this, her attitude towards her dead son changed; she was no longer attached to the dead body of her son and she realised how simply the Buddha had taught her a most important lesson: that everything that is born must eventually die.

She buried her dead son and told the Buddha that she could find no family where death had not occurred. Then the Buddha said, 'Gotami, you should not think that you are the only one who has lost a son. As you have now realised, death comes to all beings. Before their desires are satiated death takes them away.'

Perceiving the fleeting nature and impermanency of life, Kisa Gotami decided to renounce the worldly life. She then requested the Enlightened One to admit her to the Order of Bhikkhunis. Accordingly, the Buddha sent her to the community of nuns and directed that she be admitted. Thus she was admitted as Bhikkhuni Kisa Gotami.

She was a very hardworking bhikkhuni and was always mindful and conscientious of her religious duties, and strove diligently for her spiritual development to purify her mind of all mental defilements.

One night, she lighted some oil lamps. Having lighted the oil lamps, she went and sat down a short distance away. Then she started to look at the flames. With her mind focussed on the flames she noticed that while some flames flared up some others flickered out. With her mind concentrating on the flames as her Subject of Meditation, she meditated as follows, 'Even as it is with these flames, so also is it with living beings in this world: Some flare up, while others flicker out; only those who have attained Nibbana are no more seen.'

The Buddha through his supernormal power, saw Kisa Gotami from the Jetavana Monastery. He sent forth his radiance and exhorted her to continue meditating on the impermanent nature of all component things. The Buddha also commented, 'Though one should live a hundred years without perceiving the Deathless State (Nibbana), yet better indeed, is a single day's life of one who perceives the Deathless State.'

At the conclusion of the discourse, Kisa Gotami attained Arahanthood.


  1. Amatam padam, the unconditioned state of Nibbana, free from birth, decay and death.