Chapter XIX - DHAMMATTHA VAGGA - The Just or Righteous

ONE IS NOT DEEMED WISE BECAUSE ONE IS GARRULOUS

ONE IS NOT DEEMED WISE BECAUSE ONE IS GARRULOUS

Na tena pandito hoti yavata bahu bhasati
Khemi averi abhayo pandito'ti pavucatti.
[258]


He is not a wise man just because he talks much;
only he who is peaceful, free from enmity, and does no harm to others, is called 'a wise man' [258]



XIX:02 Those who disturb others are not wise.

Once there was a group of bhikkhus who always caused trouble at mealtimes, whether they were in the monastery or in the village. One day, those bhikkhus harassed some samaneras and said boastfully, 'Look! We alone are intelligent. We alone are wise.' Then they started behaving in an unruly manner and left the monastery in a mess. When the Buddha was told about this, he said, 'Bhikkhus! I don't say that one who talks too much, abuses or bullies others is a wise man. Only he who is free from hatred and harms no one is a wise man.'

Notes:

*According to Buddhism,panna(wisdom or knowledge) is the right understanding of the nature of the world in the light of transiency(anicca), unsatisfactoriness(dukkha), and soullessness(anatta).
Knowledge is of three kinds:

  1. SutamayaPanna— knowledge acquired orally.
  2. Cintamaya Panna— knowledge acquired by thought. The practical scientific knowledge of the West is the direct outcome of this kind of knowledge.
  3. Bhavanamaya Panna— superior kind of knowledge acquired by meditation and contemplation. It is through such meditation that one realises intuitive truths which are beyond logical reasoning.

Wisdom is the apex of Buddhism. It is the first factor in the Noble Eightfold Path(samma ditthi). It is one of the seven factors of Enlightenment(Dhamma Vicaya Sambojjhanga). It is one of the four means of Accomplishment(Vimansa Iddhipada). It is one of the five Powers(pannabala)and one of the five controlling Faculties(Pannindriya). It is wisdom that leads to purification and to final Deliverance.