Chapter XIV - BUDDHA VAGGA - The Buddha

DO GOOD AND BE GOOD

DO GOOD AND BE GOOD

Sabba papassa akaranam kusalassa upasampada
Sacitta pariyodapanam etam buddhana sasanam.
[183]


Not to do anyevil,to cultivate good, to purify one's mind, — this is theTeaching of the Buddhas.[183]


NON-VIOLENCE IS THE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN ASCETIC

Khanti paramam tapo titikkha nibbanam paramam vadanti buddha
Na hi pabbajito parupaghati samano hoti param vihethayanto.
[184]


Forbearing patience is the highest austerity. Nibbana is supreme, say the Buddhas. He, verily, is not areclusewho harms another.
Nor is he anasceticwho oppresses others. [184]


LEAD A PURE AND NOBLE LIFE

Anupavado anupaghato patimokkhe ca samvaro
Mattannuta ca bhattasmim panthan ca sayanasanam
Adhicitte ca ayogo etam buddhana sasanam.
[185]


Not insulting, not harming, restraint according to theFundamental Moral Code,moderation in food, secluded abode, intent onhigher thoughts,
— this is the Teaching of the Buddhas. [185]



XIV:04 The Teaching of the Buddha

On one occasion, Venerable Ananda asked the Buddha whether the Fundamental instructions to bhikkhus given by the preceding Buddhas were the same as those of Gotama Buddha himself. The Buddha explained that the instructions given by all the Buddhas were the same. He then recited a few stanzas that were uttered by the previous Buddhas in their religious discourses.

Notes:

  1. What is associated with the three immoral roots of attachment(lobha), illwill(dosa), and delusion(moha)is evil. What is associated with the three moral roots of generosity(alobha), goodwill or loving-kindness(adosa), and wisdom(amoha)is good.
  2. The religion of the Buddha is summarised in this verse.
  3. Pabbajito,one who casts aside his impurities, and has left the world.
  4. Samano, one who has subdued his passions, an ascetic.
  5. Patimokkha, these are the 220 chief rules (excluding the seven ways of settling disputes) which every bhikkhu is expected to observe.
  6. Adhicitta- namely, the eight attainments(atthasmapatti), the fourrupa jhanasand the fourarupa jhanas. They are higher stages of mental concentration which enable one to gain supernormal powers.